Toggle navigation. Gregor Mendel Timeline Timeline Description: Gregor Mendel is a German scientist widely considered the founder of the modern science of genetics. Mendel used a variety of pea plant experiments to establish a system set of rules of heredity now referred to as Laws of Mendelian Inheritance.
Mendel's Genetics. Hybridized domesticated horses F or thousands of years farmers and herders have been selectively breeding their plants and animals to produce more useful hybrids. It was somewhat of a hit or miss process since the actual mechanisms governing inheritance were unknown.
According to this Mendelian concept, inheritance of a trait depends on the passing-on of these units. For any given trait, an individual inherits one gene from each parent so that the individual has a pairing of two genes. If the two alleles that form the pair for a trait are identical, then the individual is said to be homozygous and if the two genes are different, then the individual is heterozygous for the trait.
Gregor Mendel, known as the "father of modern genetics," was born in Austria in A monk, Mendel discovered the basic principles of heredity through experiments in his monastery's garden. His experiments showed that the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants follows particular patterns, subsequently becoming the foundation of modern genetics and leading to the study of heredity. He spent his early youth in that rural setting, until age 11, when a local schoolmaster who was impressed with his aptitude for learning recommended that he be sent to secondary school in Troppau to continue his education.
This is the last year of the first century of genetics, the science of heredity, since the belated rediscovery of Mendel's research in For many of today's biological scientists and physicians, Mendel remains an obscure figure; often his work is given only cursory treatment in school and undergraduate courses in the race to understand the exciting technology of DNA. History has relegated Gregor Mendel to a position analogous to that held by Samuel Pepys.
And so when I ask this opening question, I sometimes feel like Jay Leno on late-night television, as I tend to get answers that are all over the place, even from sophisticated audiences. My answer is that he left us the notion that traits including human diseases can travel through generations as discrete, inheritable phenomena, and that this travel can fall into recognizable patterns. We do not need to know the name of the gene, and in fact often we do not know the name of the gene.
Thomas' Abbey in BrnoMargraviate of Moravia. Mendel was born in a German-speaking family  in the Silesian part of the Austrian Empire today's Czech Republic and gained posthumous recognition as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for millennia that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traitsMendel's pea plant experiments conducted between and established many of the rules of hereditynow referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance.
Johann Gregor Mendel — was a lifelong learner, teacher, scientist, and man of faith. As a young adult, he joined the Augustinian Abbey of St. Thomas in Brno in what is now the Czech Republic. Supported by the monastery, he taught physics, botany, and natural science courses at the secondary and university levels.
His parents were peasant farmers and very early on recognized their son's intellect. Mendel was able to stay in school and pursue an academic life. His sister, Theresia, actually sacrificed part of her dowry so that Mendel could get an education.
Gregor Mendel July 20, - January 6,known as the Father of Genetics, is most well-known for his work with breeding and cultivating pea plants, using them to gather data about dominant and recessive genes. Known For : Scientist, friar, and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey who gained posthumous recognition as the founder of the modern science of genetics.