This would also humiliate them into 'repenting' their 'riotous' actions. If he found the answer unsatisfactory, the torturer sharply struck the wedge with a heavy mallet, driving the wedge head-on into the toe with sufficient force to obliterate the tiny bones. Horses were lied to his arms and legs, but the attempted regicide's' limbs did not separate easily. Civil authorities burnt persons judged to be heretics under the medieval Inquisition, Burning was also used by Protestants during the witch-hunts of Europe. Dominicans gained a reputation as the most fearsomely innovative torturers. The first Scottish effort, referred to as a buskin, made use of a vaguely boot-shaped rawhide garment that was soaked with water, drawn over the foot and lower leg, and bound in place with cords. He described his ordeal in Rare Adventures and Painful Peregrinations :.
Bria. Age: 25.
She was lowered into the water until completely submerged.
Alisson. Age: 26.
The victim is made to straddle the plank, which is adjusted raised or lowered in order to make the victim stand on his tiptoes or rest his body weight on his genitals on the plank. It was used in feudal Europe and its colonies in the early modern period. Several nineteenth century iron maidens are on display in museums around the world. See also Gibbeting and Iron Maiden.