Condom effectiveness is how effective condoms are at preventing STDs and pregnancy. Correctly using male condoms and other barriers like female condoms and dental damsevery time, can reduce though not eliminate the risk of sexually transmitted diseases STDsincluding human immunodeficiency virus HIV and viral hepatitis. They can also provide protection against other diseases that may be transmitted through sex like Zika and Ebola.
Sexually transmitted infections STIs are infections that are spread by sexual contact. STIs can cause severe damage to your body—even death. Except for colds and flu, STIs are the most common contagious easily spread infections in the United States, with millions of new cases each year.
The adolescent population is at increased risk of exposure to, and development of, sexually transmitted infections. Of the Several methods are recommended to reduce the risk of STI exposure and development, including abstinence, vaccination, mutual monogamy, reduced number of sex partners, and use of the male condom. Although the male condom is not classified as a drug, it is commonly sold in pharmacies, and it is often used with various products eg, lotions, spermicides that are additionally sold in pharmacies.
Whether you use latex male condoms or female condoms, they are both very effective in preventing HIV and many other STDs when used the right way every time. Condoms may prevent the spread of other STDs, like the Human Papillomavirus HPV, genital or venereal warts or genital herpes, only when the condom covers the infected areas or sores. To find out if you might have an STD, visit your doctor or clinic as soon as you can.
It's important to use condoms to help reduce the spread of STI sexually transmitted infections. These infections include HIV Human Immunodeficiency Viruschlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, and syphilis. You can get an STI through having sex -- vaginal, anal, or oral.
The basic function of a condom is to prevent the transmission of semen. By stopping that one thing, you can prevent both pregnancy and the spread of tons of STIs during intercourse. Note: Lambskin condoms are effective for preventing pregnancy but should not be used for STI prevention, as the small particles are able to penetrate them.
Consistent condom use can reduce the spread of HIV, but are they the answer to rising rates of other sexually transmitted infections? Researchers debate the issue in the British Medical Journal. For people who are sexually active, condoms remain our best solution to reducing risks of acquiring sexually transmitted infections if uninfected or transmitting these infections if infectedsay Markus Steiner and Willard Cates of Family Health International. Despite some inconsistencies in the evidence, studies show that condoms are an effective physical barrier against passage of even the smallest sexually transmitted pathogens, they write.
Studies show that if used correctly, condoms offer strong protection against HIV, as well as having the added benefit of reducing the risk of other STIs. To best protect against HIV they can be used in combination with other prevention methods such as pre-exposure prophylaxis PrEP or an undetectable viral load. You can read an overview of condoms here.
Consistent and correct use of the male latex condom reduces the risk of sexually transmitted disease STD and human immunodeficiency virus HIV transmission. However, condom use cannot provide absolute protection against any STD. The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of STDs are to abstain from sexual activity, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.