The waist-hip ratio or waist-to-hip ratio WHR is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips. The WHR has been used as an indicator or measure of health, and the risk of developing serious health conditions. WHR correlates with fertility with different optimal values in males and females.
Background: The metabolic syndrome MS syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome is a constellation of metabolic abnormalities and a complex predisease state that predicts future development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Menopausal transition and postmenopausal state are considered as a vulnerable period for developing MS, and this increased risk has been attributed to decreasing estrogen levels with an increasing risk of insulin resistance following menopause. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of MS and its components in pre- and post-menopausal women from North India.
This research aimed to i determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome MetS and its components; ii assess factors associated with MetS, and iii define optimal ethnic-specific cutoffs of obesity- and atherogenic-based markers to predict MetS among postmenopausal women in rural Canton. The Rural Canton Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study, a population based cross-sectional study, was conducted during — in Canton. In person interviews, blood glucose and lipid measurements were completed for 4, postmenopausal women who did not receive hormone replacement therapy.
Unlike fat parked on the hips and thighs, fat around the middle produces substances that can create serious health risks. No matter what your body shape, excess fat isn't good for your health. But saddlebags and ballooning bellies are not equivalent.
The menopause signals the end of major hormonal changes. These hormonal fluctuations often start years before in the perimenopause, the lead-up time to menopause. Perimenopause usually occurs in a woman's 40s, with onset of symptoms such as irregular periods, mood swings and sometimes hot flushes as a woman's ovaries begin to wind down, says Dr Elizabeth Farrell, gynaecologist and medical director of Jean Hailes for Women's Health.
The analysis of U. BMI, a measure of weight relative to height, is used to gauge obesity. Having a BMI in the obese range 30 or greater has also been linked to breast cancer risk up to twice that of women in the normal weight range BMIs of 25 or less, in this study.
Metrics details. There is sufficient evidence supporting a relationship between increased body mass index BMI and an increased risk for breast cancer among postmenopausal women. However, most studies have found a decreased risk for premenopausal breast cancer.
If you do nothing else today to protect your health, consider taking an honest measurement of your waist. Stand up straight, exhale no sucking in that gut! The result has far greater implications than any concerns you might have about how you look or how your clothes fit.
Context: Increased incidences of cardiovascular disorder and metabolic syndrome particularly after menopause have raised curiosity for the underlying factors. However, it is still a debate whether age or menopausal transition is a greater contributor. Aims: To elucidate the inter-relationships of age, menopause, and associated obesity and to assess their independent effects on aggravation of cardio metabolic risk factors in postmenopausal women.
Although obesity has been reported worldwide as a risk factor for breast cancer, there are still some inconsistencies regarding the association between obesity and breast cancer. Body mass index BMI is used most to assess the extent of obesity; however, the association of other body size characteristics, such as waist and hip circumference, with susceptibility to breast cancer in Chinese Han women needs to be better assessed. Obesity is significantly associated with breast cancer in Chinese Han premenopausal women but not in postmenopausal women. Thus, it is important to realize that weight control, as well as avoiding abdominal obesity, should be considered as one of the most effective methods of reducing breast cancer risk.